Praise be to Allaah.
If a man divorces his wife
and the ‘iddah ends, then she is not permissible for him unless there is a
new marriage contract, and the wali is one of the conditions of the marriage
contract being valid, so marriage is not valid without a wali.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni (7/5): Marriage is not valid
without a wali, and a woman cannot do the marriage contract for herself or
for anyone else, or appoint anyone other than her wali to do her marriage.
If she does that, the marriage is not valid. End quote.
The evidence for that is
the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
“There is no marriage except with a wali.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (2085) and
al-Tirmidhi (1101); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
As you divorced this woman
two years ago, her ‘iddah is over, and after the ‘iddah ends, the ex-husband
is a stranger to her like all other men. So she is not permissible to you
except with a new marriage contract, and it essential that her wali do this
marriage contract, or her wali appoint someone to do the marriage contract
with her for you.
If there is no father, then
the grandfather is the wali. If there is no grandfather then her brothers
are her walis, and it is does not matter if they are younger than her, but
it is essential that the wali be an adult. If one of her brothers is an
adult then he is her wali, even if he is younger than her.
It says in Fataawa
al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (18/147):
No one can act as a wali
for a woman’s marriage contract except one who is an adult of sound mind. If
there is no such person then the qaadi (judge) is the wali, because the
ruler is the wali of the one who has no wali, and the qaadi is his deputy in
such matters. Adulthood is achieved when a person emits maniy with desire,
whether as the result of a wet dream or otherwise, or when hair grows around
the private part, or when one reaches the age of fifteen. The one who is of
sound mind is the one who handles matters well, by seeking a compatible
suitor who is appropriate for the female under his care. End quote.
If all her brothers are
minors, and none of them is an adult, then the role of wali passes to those
who come next, namely the paternal uncles. If there are no paternal uncles
then it passes to the sons of the paternal uncles (cousins).
If none of these walis are
present, then the shar’i judge should act as wali for her marriage, because
the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If
they dispute, then the ruler is the guardian of the one who has no guardian.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (2083) and al-Tirmidhi (1102); classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
Based on that, if you want
to marry this woman and she does not have any wali, then you must refer to
the shar’i qaadi in the court so that he may act as the wali for her
Note: You say that your
first marriage was done without any official registration. Even though it is
valid if it meets all the conditions – because it is not a condition of a
marriage contract being valid that it be registered officially – we should
point out that it is important to register marriages, and we advise people
not to take this matter lightly, so as to protect people’s rights and so
that foolish men and women will not toy with the matter of marriage
See the answer to question
And Allaah knows best.