Praise be to Allaah.
Caesarean section is an operation in which the abdomen is cut
in order to bring the child out of the mother. It is said that it is so
called after Julius Caesar, because he was the first one to be born in this
manner, when his mother died during labour, after which the doctor cut open
her stomach and brought him out of her, and Caesar lived to become the
emperor of Rome.
Natural childbirth is better for the mother, but this does
not mean that Caesarean section should not be used when necessary. Among
such cases of necessity are: when the placenta is in the lower part of the
uterus (placenta praevia), when the foetus is deprived of oxygen, when there
are tumours in the pelvis, when there is high blood pressure, when there is
haemorrhaging that threatens the life of the mother and baby, when there are
conjoined (“Siamese”) twins, when the foetus is abnormally large, and other
cases of necessity where Caesarean section is indicated. This is one of the
great blessings of Allaah, an example of His mercy towards His creation.
Many doctors take the matter of resorting to Caesarean
section lightly, because they want to earn more money or because they cannot
be patient with the mother during natural childbirth. Some women ask for
this surgery in order to preserve the gracefulness of their bodies or so as
to avoid the pain of childbirth.
Undoubtedly doing this leads to the loss of numerous
benefits, and also has effects on the mother and on future births, as
referred to by the brother in his question.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have
mercy on him) said:
I would like to take this opportunity to point out a
phenomenon that has been mentioned to us, which is that many obstetricians,
male and female, in the hospitals are too keen for birth to take place by
surgical means, which is known as a Caesarean. I am afraid that this may be
a plot against the Muslims, because the more births take place in this
manner, the more the skin of the abdomen is weakened and pregnancy becomes
more dangerous for the woman, and she becomes unable to get pregnant. Some
of the people who work in private hospitals have told me that many women
come to the hospitals and their specialists tell them that there is no
alternative to a caesarean, then they go to this private hospital and give
birth naturally. He mentioned that there were about eighty such cases in one
month. This means that the issue is serious, and attention must be drawn to
it. It should be noted that in this case some pain and exhaustion is
“His mother bears him with hardship. And she brings him
forth with hardship”
It is not something to be done as soon as the woman feels a
contraction, so that she may avoid pain. Natural childbirth is better than a
caesarean. End quote.
Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftoohah
(2/question no. 42).
The Shaykh (may Allaah have mercy on him) was also asked:
Allaah says in Soorat ‘Abasa (interpretation of the
“Then He makes the Path easy for him”
So Allaah guarantees to make it easy for this newborn. Many
men and women have noticed that there is haste in performing caesarean
sections. Is this a sign of weak trust in Allaah, may He be glorified and
I think that this method which people use nowadays when the
woman feels the contractions and goes to the hospital, and they do a
caesarean section for her, I think that this is inspired by the shaytaan,
and that the harm caused is far greater than any benefits, because a woman
is bound to feel pain when in labour, but this pain has a number of
1 – It is an expiation for sin
2 – It raises her in status if she is patient and seeks
3 – The woman understands the extent of the pain suffered by
4 – She will appreciate the extent of the blessing of good
health that Allaah bestows on her.
5 – It will increase her love towards her child, because the
more difficult it is to attain something, the dearer it becomes.
6 – If the child is born by via the usual, well-known route,
this is better for him and the woman.
7 – Damage may be expected from this surgery, because this
operation weakens the wall of the uterus etc, which may tear. And it may be
successful or unsuccessful.
8 – The woman who gets used to having caesareans is unlikely
to give birth in the natural manner, because that is not possible, and there
is the risk that the site of the surgery may rupture.
9 – Having surgery results in having fewer children, because
if the abdomen is cut three times in different places, it becomes weak and
future pregnancy becomes dangerous.
10 – This is a kind of luxury, and luxury is a thing that
leads to doom, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, before that, they indulged in luxury…”
Women should be patient and seek reward, and should continue
to give birth in the natural way, because that is better for them in this
world and in the Hereafter. Men should also pay attention to this issue, for
we do not know, perhaps our enemies are the ones who have made these
operations easy for us so that we will lose these benefits and be subject to
Question: What is meant by luxury?
Answer: Luxury includes avoiding the natural pain of
childbirth. This is a kind of luxury. If luxury does not help one to obey
Allaah, then it is either blameworthy or at the very least permissible.
Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftooh
(86/question no. 17).
To sum up: Caesarean section should not be resorted to except
in cases of necessity, when natural childbirth is not possible, or it poses
a danger to the mother or the child.
And Allaah knows best.