Praise be to Allaah.
correct view is that the dead can benefit from the physical acts of
worship undertaken by their living relatives with the intention of giving
the reward to them (physical acts of worship include fasting and reading
Qur’aan). The same applies to financial acts of worship, such as giving
charity on behalf of the deceased or freeing a slave on his behalf, even
though some of these actions are not prescribed as such.
is indicated by the hadeeth of Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah (may Allaah be
pleased with him), who gave his garden in charity on behalf of his mother
who had died, and the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) approved of that (narrated by al-Bukhaari), and other
giving charity on behalf of the deceased is better than reading Qur’aan
for them, just as making du’aa’ for them and seeking forgiveness for
them is better than other deeds.
you give in charity on behalf of your deceased relative, or you make
du’aa’ for him – or other actions – the deceased will benefit from
that, and you will also have the reward for that, for the Bounty of Allaah
regard to raising one's hands when making du’aa’: this is not
bid’ah; in fact it is Sunnah and is part of the teachings of guidance
and one of the means of having one’s du’aa’s answered. It was
narrated in a saheeh report that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah is modest and most generous; if a man
raises his hands to Him, He cannot send them back empty and unanswered,”
(Narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawood from the hadeeth of Salmaan).
it is makrooh to raise one’s hands at certain times, such as when the
khateeb makes du’aa’ at Jumu’ah prayers, unless the khateeb is
praying for rain at Jumu’ah prayers, in which case it is prescribed to
raise one's hands. This was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the
Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
it is not permitted to raise one's hands in congregation or individually
after praying a fard prayer, as there is no evidence for doing so. Wiping
the face, chest or body after making du’aa’ is bid’ah and is not
permitted. And Allaah knows best.