Praise be to Allaah.
This hadeeth is mawdoo’ (fabricated).
It was narrated by al-Haakim via ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Muslim al-Fahri (who said), Ismaa’eel ibn Muslimah narrated to us, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn
Aslam told us, from his father, from his grandfather, from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him), that he said: The Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “When Adam committed his sin…” Then he quoted the hadeeth as the questioner quoted
Al-Haakim said: The isnaad of this hadeeth is
This is what al-Haakim said! But a number of
scholars rebuked him and denounced him for classing this hadeeth as saheeh. They ruled that this hadeeth is false and fabricated, and they pointed
out that al-Haakim contradicted himself when commenting on this hadeeth.
There follow some of their comments:
Al-Dhahabi said, criticizing the words of
al-Haakim quoted above:
Rather it is mawdoo’ (fabricated), and ‘Abd
al-Rahmaan is not reliable, and I do not know who ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Muslim al-Fahri is.
Al-Dhahabi also said in Meezaan
al-I’tidaal: It is a false report.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar agreed with him in
‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is the
only one who narrated it with this isnaad, and he is da’eef (weak). Ibn Katheer agreed with him in al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihayyah, 2/323.
Al-Albaani said in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah,
25: (it is) mawdoo’.
Al-Haakim himself (may Allaah forgive him) accused ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd of being a
fabricator of hadeeth, so how could his hadeeth be saheeh?
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in
al-Qaa’idah al-Jaleelah fi’l-Tawassul wa’l-Waseelah (p. 69):
Al-Haakim’s narration of this hadeeth is
something for which he was denounced, and he himself said in his book al-Madkhil ila Ma’rifat al-Saheeh ‘an al-Saqeem:
‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam narrated fabricated ahaadeeth from his father, and it is
obvious to any competent hadeeth scholar that he is the one to blame for fabricating ahaadeeth. I say: ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is
da’eef (weak) because he made a lot of mistakes.
See Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da’eefah
by al-Albaani, 1/38-47.