The hadeeth, “I ask You by the glory from Your Throne”
I read a hadeeth narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Twelve rak’ahs that you pray by night or by day, and recite the tashahhud between each two rak’ahs. When you say the tashahhud in the last prayer, then praise Allaah and send blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), then prostrate and recite the Opening of the Book (Soorat al-Faatihah) seven times whilst prostrating, and say, ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; to Him belongs all sovereignty and to Him be praise, and He is Able to do all things),’ ten times. Then say, ‘O Allaah, I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, and by virtue of the mercy of Your Book, and by Your greatest name and Your glory and Your perfect words,’ then ask Him for whatever you need. Then raise your head and say the tasleem to your right and your left. And do not teach it to the foolish for they may ask (for foolish things) and have their prayer answered.”
Is this hadeeth saheeh?.
Praise be to Allaah.
The hadeeth mentioned was narrated by
al-Haakim and was quoted by al-Haafiz and al-Mundhiri in al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb. He said, It was narrated only by ‘Aamir ibn Khadaash
al-Nisapuri. He said: our shaykh, al-Haafiz Abu’l-Hasan said: he was a narrator of munkar (rejected) reports. He was the only one who narrated it
from ‘Umar ibn Haroon al-Balkhi, who is matrook and mutahham (i.e., his ahaadeeth are rejected), and only Ibn Mahdi praised him.
Hence it is known that this hadeeth is da’eef
(weak) from the point of view of its isnaad (chain of narrators).
Moreover, the saheeh ahaadeeth indicate that
it is not allowed to recite Qur’aan when prostrating, so the hadeeth is also weak from the point of view of its text. It is not permissible to act
upon it because it is not saheeh (sound) and because it contradicts the saheeh ahaadeeth.
And Allaah is the Source of strength.
Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’, 6/439.