be to Allaah.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked
this question and he replied as follows:
This condition is not binding according
to the madhhab of Imaam al-Shaafa’i, and it is binding on him according
to the madhhab of Abu Haneefah, so that when he gets married the divorce
takes place, and when he takes a concubine she becomes free. This is
also the view of Maalik. With regard to the madhhab of Ahmad, no divorce
or manumission takes place, but if he gets married or takes a concubine,
the matter is in the woman’s hands: if she wishes, she may stay with
him, or if she wishes, she may leave him, because the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The conditions which
are most deserving of fulfillment are those by means of which intimacy
becomes permissible to you.” And because a man got married subject to
the condition that he would not take another wife; he referred the matter
to ‘Umar, and he said, “Rights and duties are to be defined in the light
So there are three views concerning
That divorce and manumission take place.
That they do not take place, and that
the woman does not have the right to leave him.
The most just of the three views, which
is that divorce and manumission do not take place, but that the woman
has the right to insist on the condition: if she wishes she may stay
with him or if she wishes she may leave him. This is the most moderate
Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 3/125.