Praise be to Allaah.
We have discussed in many of our answers the
standard by which the Muslim can judge the groups, sects and parties that go against Islam. We will explain it in more detail here:
With regard to differences which you see between
the Muslim nowadays, Allaah has not left the people confused and unable to distinguish the true from the false, rather Allaah has created signs by
which the truth and those who are sincere may be known, and He has created clear evidence and proof for the correct path, from which no one
deviates but he is doomed.
When the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) spoke of the ummah splitting into seventy-three groups, he said that they would all be in Hell apart from one, the one which
follows the same path as him and his companions. This is the standard, so we have no choice but follow in the footsteps of the Sahaabah (may
Allaah be pleased with them). It is not sufficient for a person to quote a hadeeth and say that it is saheeh, then use that as evidence to support
his madhhab or his point of view according to his own understanding of that hadeeth; rather what he should do is to research whether the Sahaabah
understood this hadeeth in this manner or not.
This is the criterion which divides those who
really follow the truth from others. This means referring the interpretation of Islam to our righteous forebears, the Sahaabah and those who
followed them in truth, for they are the best and most knowledgeable of this ummah, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
Anyone who examines the groups that have
deviated from the Straight Path will see that they have confused the people by quoting a verse or a hadeeth out of context, so that people think
that they are following the Qur’aan and Sunnah, but they cannot prove that this is the way in which the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them)
understood these texts.
Those who distort the attributes of Allaah,
those who worship graves and circumambulate them, those who dance in dhikr, those who deny the divine will and decree (al-qadar), those who say
that the Qur’aan was created, and other deviant beliefs and ways, none of them claim that his belief is the same as the belief of the Companions
of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Even if they claim that they have a verse or hadeeth to support them, they cannot
prove that their interpretation is the same as that of those who witnessed the revelations and heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him), namely the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them).
This is an important and precise standard by
means of which a person can know whether what he hears and reads of beliefs and ways whose proponents say is true guidance is in fact true or
If you follow what the Salafi scholars tell you
of Tawheed, fiqh and hadeeth, this is following true Islam, which Allaah wants for all people. The Shaytaan may come and tell you and whisper to
you that this is taqleed (blind imitation) and is not permissible; undoubtedly that is the first step towards deviation from the right path.
Allaah has enjoined upon the ordinary Muslim to ask the scholars and to follow their opinions and fatwas. You know that the closest of them to the
right path and the truth are those who follow the path of the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in their
understanding of the Qur’aan and Sunnah; they are the followers of the righteous Salaf.
The Muslim who has some measure of Islamic
knowledge can find out for himself whether what he hears or reads is sound or not, by studying and comparing it with that which has been proven
from the righteous salaf.
There is no reason why the one who goes against
the way of the Salaf should not be right in some cases, but no way or madhhab can be sound apart from the way of the salaf or first generations of
this ummah, the Sahaabah and Taabi’een and those who follow them in truth.
Everything quoted by the Salafi scholars is the
view of the Sahaabah and of Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib, al-Zuhri, Mujaahid, ‘Ata’, Maalik, Hammaad ibn Zayd, Hammaad ibn Salamah, al-Shaafa’i, Ahmad,
al-Bukhaari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, and other prominent scholars.
You will find that the innovators quote that
which they think supports their view, and ignore that which clearly proves that they are wrong. You will find them mentioning things in their
books that goes against the Sunnah, and rejecting the Sunnah because it goes against their books, distorting that which is stated clearly in the
Qur’aan, describing as da’eef that which is clearly stated in the Sunnah because it goes against their opinions and their whims and desires, and
so on. For this reason they are called ahl al-ahwa’ (people of whims and desires).
With regard to Ahl al-Sunnah, they are more
objective, they look at the Sunnah without any bias or preconceptions, and they give the Sunnah – if it is saheeh – precedence over everything
else. They do not have any whims and desires that they follow to the extent that they reject a hadeeth or distort a verse for their sake.
In fact there is no contradiction between the
texts of the revelation, rather there may appear to be a contradiction in some cases. Every field of knowledge has specialized scholars, so in the
field of hadeeth there are scholars who can explain what is saheeh (sound) and what is not, and can explain what is meant and dispel confusion,
and reconcile between reports which seem to contradict one another.
To sum up:
The best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the people with the most knowledge of this guidance are the scholars of hadeeth, namely the
righteous salaf. Those who follow them will be saved and those who go against them will be doomed.
So you must adhere to this path and ask Allaah
for guidance and steadfastness.
With regard to the questioner saying that Ahl
al-Hadeeth are the “Saudi salafis”, this restriction is not correct.
Ahl al-hadeeth are not restricted to a
particular country or to certain people, rather Ahl al-hadeeth includes everyone who follows the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) and understands it correctly in accordance with the understanding of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) and
those who follow them in truth.
And Allaah is the Guide.