Praise be to Allaah.
It seems that your friend, in his ignorance of the true nature
of Prophethood, does not make a distinction between a Prophet and an astrologer,
and so he compares the Prophethood of Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the astrology of the French
physicist Nostradamus who lived in the 16th century CE and composed
books of fantasies and illusions. His books are written in ambiguous language
about events that will happen up until the end of the world, which he expected
would happen in the year 3797. A person like this needs to understand the true
nature of Prophethood and why mankind needs to believe in it, and he needs to
know that the Unseen can only be known through the Prophets who were chosen
by Allaah. He needs to know that Prophethood is a gift from Allaah, may He be
glorified, and it cannot be attained by a person’s desires or own efforts.
Prophethood is a pure blessing from Allaah, as is indicated in His words (interpretation
of the meanings):
“Those were they unto whom Allaah bestowed His Grace from
along the Prophets, of the offspring of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in
the ship) with Nooh…” [Maryam 19:58]
“Thus will your Lord choose you…” [Yoosuf 12:6]
“… I have chosen you above men by My Messages and by
My speaking (to you)…” [al-A’raaf 7:144]
“… Allaah knows best with whom to place His Message…”
Then he should realize that the way in which Allaah conveys His
message to His Prophets and Messengers is by wahy (revelation). Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, We have inspired you
(O Muhammad) as We inspired Nooh and the Prophets after him…” [al-Nisa’
4:163]. There is nothing wrong with explaining to him the three types or
levels of wahy so that he may have a better understanding of this channel of
communication between Allaah and His creation, which is so essential for mankind.
These three types or levels have been mentioned by Allaah in the Qur’aan
(interpretation of the meaning): “It is not given to any human being
that Allaah should speak to him unless (it be) by Inspiration, or from behind
a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His leave.
Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise.” [al-Shooraa 42:51]
These three types or levels may be further explained as follows:
Inspiring something in the heart of a Prophet in such a way
that he has no doubt about it and is certain that it is from Allaah. It
was reported in a hadeeth that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The holy spirit
(i.e., Jibreel) blew into my heart that no soul dies until its provision
(rizq) and appointed time have expired, so fear Allaah and be polite
and reasonable when you seek to earn a living from others.” (Reported
by Ibn Hibbaan). This type of revelation also includes the visions of the
Prophets, which are true, as is proven in the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah
Umm al-Mu’mineen (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: “The
first thing that happened to the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) of wahy was true vision in his
dreams: he did not see something but it would become as true as daybreak.”
Therefore the Prophet and Friend of Allaah, Ibraaheem, hastened
to sacrifice his son when he saw that he was commanded to do so in a dream.
He took this dream as being a revelation to him, as Allaah tells us (interpretation
of the meaning):
“So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy.
And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he
said, ‘O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offering
you in sacrifice to Allaah), so look what you think!’ He said: ‘O
my father! Do that which you are commanded, in sha Allaah (if Allaah will)
you will find me of al-saabireen (the patient ones).’
Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will
of Allaah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side
of his forehead, for slaughtering),
And We called out to him: ‘O Ibraaheem!
You have fulfilled the dream (vision)! Verily, thus do We reward
the muhsinoon (good-doers).
Verily, that was a manifest trial,
And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice (a ram).” [al-Saaffaat
Speaking to His Messengers from behind a barrier. Allaah spoke
thus to Moosa, upon whom be peace, as He says (interpretation of the meanings):
“And when Moosa came at the time and place appointed by
Us, and his Lord spoke to him…” [al-A’raaf 7:143]
“And when he came to it (the fire), he was called by name,
Verily, I am your Lord! So take off your shoes, you are in
the sacred valley, Tuwa.
And I have chosen you. So listen to that which is inspired to
Verily, I am Allaah! None has the right to be worshipped but
I, so worship Me, and perform al-salaat (prayer) for My Remembrance.’”[Ta-Ha
Revelation to a Prophet via an angel. This is what Allaah
refers to in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “…
or He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His leave…”
[al-Shoora 42:51]. This messenger is Jibreel, upon whom be peace.
The angel came to the Prophet in three forms as is proven
in the shar’i texts. These three forms are:
The Messenger (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) saw him in the form in which Allaah created him.
This happened to the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) twice.
The revelation came with a noise like the sound of a bell,
which went away after the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had understood what he had said.
The angel appeared in the form of a man and spoke to him,
and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) understood what he said. This was the easiest of the three
ways for the Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him). This what happened the first time Jibreel came
to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) in the Cave of Hira’.
Then you should tell your friend something of the evidence
of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) and his miracles (see Question # 2114),
the chief of which is the Qur’aan. There is no harm in giving him a copy
of the translation of its meanings. If he believes, then praise be to Allaah,
and if he remains a disbeliever after this, then he will bear the consequences
of his kufr and will be one of the losers, so do not worry about him, for Allaah
is independent of all creatures.