Praise be to Allaah.
Discussion on the harmful effects of aphrodisiacs
Doctors are able to treat most cases of impotency and they
have discovered a number of useful ways and means including the following:
Treatment by means of aphrodisiac medicines that are taken by
mouth in the form of pills, such as Viagra and so on
Treatment by means of topical injections that dilate blood
Treatment by means of suppositories inserted through the
Treatment by means of surgically inserted devices; this is
only resorted to if the previous methods fail.
Some of these remedies are harmful and have side-effects,
especially aphrodisiacs that are taken by mouth and artificial devices.
All aphrodisiac medicines that are taken by mouth in the form
of pills may cause headaches, nosebleeds, stomach pain, indigestion,
sensitivity to light, lower back pain and muscle pain.
Taking these medicines without consulting a doctor when one
is already suffering from vascular diseases may expose the individual to
harm because many of these patients take nitrite medicines, which interacts
strongly with Viagra, as Viagra prevents this medicine from being absorbed
by the patient’s body; this leads to a severe drop in blood pressure which
may in turn lead to death.
Ruling on taking aphrodisiacs
Aphrodisiacs are used in two cases:
Where there is a need for it because of old age or to treat
sickness. In that case using it is permissible and is acceptable according
to sharee‘ah, because Islam enjoins the Muslim to seek medical treatment and
pursue means of treating disease. For example the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Seek medical treatment for
Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, has not created any disease but He
has also created the remedy for it apart from one disease, namely old age.”
Narrated and classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi; also narrated by Abu Dawood
and Ibn Maajah.
It may also be recommended according to sharee‘ah, such as if
it will lead to having children, which is enjoined in the texts of
sharee‘ah, including the verse in which Allah, may He be exalted, says
(interpretation of the meaning): “And now have sexual relations with them
and seek that which Allah has ordained for you (offspring)” [al-Baqarah
2:187]. And the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: “Marry the one who is loving and fertile, for I will be proud of
your great numbers before the nations.” Narrated by Abu Dawood and
al-Nasaa’i; it is saheeh.
But it is essential to pay attention to the guidelines set
out by specialists who are the experts in this field. Among the guidelines
that they have mentioned are the following:
The patient who is suffering
from impotence should not take these aphrodisiacs until after consulting a
trustworthy, specialist doctor.
He should not rely completely
on these aphrodisiacs to the extent that the body cannot function properly
He should not go to excess in
taking them because doing so may lead to harm that threatens his life.
The second case is using aphrodisiacs to attain more pleasure
and so on. The ruling in this case depends on the consequences of using
these aphrodisiacs unnecessarily. Specialists have stated that use of
aphrodisiacs by healthy persons for the purpose of increased pleasure may
lead to lasting harm. Medical studies have proven that consumption of
aphrodisiacs by healthy individuals has the opposite effect in the long
term, because these medicines give the body energy that may last for several
hours, but the body soon pays the price for that energy by falling into
exhaustion. It is known that that which leads to harm that outweighs any
benefit, or leads only to harm (with no benefit) is not permitted by the
texts of sharee‘ah and Islamic principles.
It says in al-Maraaqi:
In sharee‘ah, everything that leads to harm is forbidden.
Summarised from a Master’s thesis entitled al-Nawaazil fil
Ashribah (p. 237-240 by Shaykh Zayn al-‘Aabideen ibn Shaykh ibn Azwayn,
supervised by Shaykh Sa‘d ibn Turki al-Khathlaan.
See also the answer to question no.
For more information on the ruling on saying “what is the
shar‘i view?” Please see the answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.