Praise be to Allaah.
This hadeeth has been narrated via a number of isnaads from
the great Sahaabi Abu Umaamah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the
Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) passed by him
when he was moving his lips and he said:
“What are you saying, O Abu Umaamah?”
He said: I am remembering my Lord.
He said: “Shall I not tell you…” and he quoted the hadeeth.
Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
This hadeeth is narrated by Abu Umaamah al-Baahili: Suday ibn
‘Ajlaan, and attributed to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him), and there are a number of chains of transmission from him.
Then he listed the chains of transmission and said concerning
al-Haakim’s narration of some of its isnaads: al-Haakim said: It is saheeh
according to the conditions of the two shaykhs (al-Bukhaari and Muslim), and
al-Dhahabi agreed with him, and it is as they said.
See: al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, no. 2578. He also stated
that the hadeeth is saheeh in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, no.
The hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in
Nataa’ij al-Afkaar, 1/84. al-Haytham said in al-Majma’ 10/110: It
was narrated by Ahmad and its men are the men of saheeh. It was classed as
saheeh by the editors of Musnad Ahmad in the edition published by
Mu’sasat al-Risaalah, 36/459-460, where they discussed its isnaads in
As for what may be understood from the hadeeth, the most
important of it is the virtue of this dhikr in particular, as the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said that the one who recites it
attains a great reward that is superior to most adhkaar.
Hence al-Haafiz Ibn Khuzaymah (may Allah have mercy on him)
included it in a chapter in his Saheeh (1/307) that he entitled
Baab Fadl al-Tahmeed wa’l-Tasbeeh wa’l-Takbeer bi wasf al-‘Adad al-Katheer
min khalq Allah aw ghayri khalqihi. End quote.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Saying: Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdih, ‘adada khalqihi, wa
ridaa nafsihi, wazinata ‘arshihi, wa midaada kalimaatihi (Glory and
praise be to Allaah, as much as the number of His creation, as much as
pleases Him, as much as the weight of His Throne and as much as the ink of
His words) is many times better than merely saying Subhaan Allaah
(Glory be to Allah). What the one who says “Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdih,
‘adada khalqihi…” achieves of knowing Allah, exalting Him and glorifying
Him, when his dhikr is connected to the huge numbers mentioned, is far
greater than what is achieved by the one who merely says Subhaan Allah. This
is called multiplied dhikr and it is greater glorification and praise than
regular dhikr, hence it is better than it.
This is manifested when we understand what this dhikr means:
When the worshipper says Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi,
‘adada khalqihi, it is like a statement and explanation of what the Lord
deserves of glorification the number of every created being, what has been
and what will be, for eternity. It includes an affirmation that Allah is
above all things, and glorifying and praising Him this huge number cannot be
comprehended by anyone who counts; the end of it can never be reached. It
includes the person's aspiration to do such endless tasbeeh (glorification
of Allah). What the person says is not intended to limit the glorification
to that number or level; rather he is saying that what Allah deserves of
glorification is glorification which reaches that number even if it has no
limit, because the creation of Allah will always be ongoing and will never
be limited by a number or figure.
What is meant is that this tasbeeh has reached a level of
perfection and majesty that indicates that it should be better than others
and if something else were weighed against it, it would outweigh it. This is
what some of these words refer to of the perfect qualities of Allah and
praising Him by declaring Him to be above all things, in addition to
praising Allah which implies the following:
Affirmation of His attributes
Loving Him and being pleased
If one adds to this praises
glorification and exaltation in the most perfect and sublime manner, the
highest number of times, and the worshipper focuses on this glorification
and contemplates its meaning, then that dhikr will have great virtue and
advantages that are not shared by others. And Allah is the Source of
Al-Manaar al-Muneef, 34-38
And Allah knows best.