Praise be to Allaah.
It is proven that the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Any woman who puts
on perfume and passes by people so that they can smell her fragrance is a
Narrated by Imam Ahmad
(19212) and al-Nasaa’i (5126); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh
With regard to men, they
are not forbidden to do that; rather it is mustahabb for men to use perfume
on all occasions, and it is particularly mustahabb on Fridays and Eid, when
people gather in mosques and prayer-places and so on. The Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) loved perfume and used it. The Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Women and perfume
have been made clear to me and my delight is in prayer.” Narrated by Ahmad
(11885), al-Nasaa’i (3940); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
The difference between
women and men is that the basic principle with regard to woman is that she
should stay in her house and use her adornment there, so that no temptation
will be caused by her and she will not encounter any negative consequences.
In the case of men, the man goes out of his house and works, and travels
about, and mixes with people in gatherings, marketplaces and so on.
Moreover the temptation of
men by women is greater than the temptation of women by men; if a man is
attracted by a woman he can pursue her and try to tempt her; but a woman is
usually pursued and is not the pursuer. If it so happens that she is
attracted to a man, she would not pursue him, because the shyness and
chastity that are part of her inherent nature usually prevent her from
pursuing him. Moreover, if she stays in her house and does not go out often
and mix with man, that prevents this fitnah or prevents her acting upon it.
For more information please
see the answer to question no.
102329 and 7850
With regard to praying with
perfume on, if she does that in her house there is nothing wrong with her
But if she is outside her
house, it is not permissible for her to put on perfume, whether she is going
to the mosque or anywhere else; rather it is narrated that women are
specifically forbidden to use perfume when going to the mosque.
It was narrated that
Zaynab, the wife of ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas‘ood (may Allah be pleased with her
and her husband) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) said to us: “If one of you (women) wants to go to the mosque,
let her not put on perfume.”
Narrated by Muslim (443).
What the Muslim woman
should do, if she wants to go to the mosque, is to go out wearing her hijab,
not wearing adornment or anything like perfume or anything else that may
attract attention or cause fitnah.
It was narrated from Abu
Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Do not prevent the female
servants of Allah from going to the mosques of Allah, but let them go out
Narrated by Ahmad (9362)
and Abu Dawood (565).
Ibn Daqeeq al-Eid (may
Allah have mercy on him) said:
Also included with perfume
is whatever comes under the same heading; perfume is only forbidden because
it may provoke men’s desires, and it may also provoke a woman's desire too
[i.e., if she uses perfume, her desire may be stirred up]. Whatever could
cause a similar effect is also forbidden. It is narrated in a saheeh report
that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Any woman
who scents herself with bukhoor (incense) should not attend ‘Isha’ prayer
with us.” To that may be added beautiful clothes and wearing jewellery that
can be seen. Some of them interpreted the words of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be
pleased with her) in al-Saheeh - “If the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) could see what women have
introduced after he died, he would have forbidden them to go to the mosques,
as the women of the Children of Israel were forbidden” -- as referring to
this, i.e., the introduction of beautiful clothing, perfume and adornment.
Ihkaam al-Ahkaam Sharh
‘Umdat al-Ahkaam, 1/196. See also: ‘Awn
al-Ma‘bood Sharh Sunan Abi Dawood.
For more information, the
answer to question no. 21970.
And Allah knows best.