Praise be to Allaah.
alcohol is emphatically forbidden because of the evil, harm and corruption
caused by alcohol. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who
believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and
Al‑Ansaab (stone altars for sacrifices to idols etc) and Al‑Azlaam (arrows
for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaytaan’s (Satan’s)
handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may
(Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants
(alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of
Allaah and from As‑Salaah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?”
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) stated that the one who drinks
alcohol and the one who helps with it are cursed, as it says in the hadeeth
which was narrated by Abu Dawood (3674) and Ibn Maajah (3380) from Ibn ‘Umar
(may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Allaah has cursed khamr and the one who
drinks it, the one who pours it, the one who sells it, the one who buys it,
the one who squeezes it, the one for whom it is squeezed, the one who
carries it and the one to whom it is carried.” Classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
al-Nasaa’i (5570) it is narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be
pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace
of Allah be upon him) say: “No man among my ummah drinks alcohol but Allah
will not accept any prayer from him for forty days.” Classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 709.
So what you
must do is give up drinking alcohol, seeking thereby the pleasure of Allah
and so as to avoid His punishment.
If a Muslim
makes a vow to do an act of obedience to Allah conditional upon him
committing some sin, then he falls into that sin, the scholars (may Allah
have mercy on them) say that he has the choice between doing the act of
worship or offering expiation for breaking an oath.
(may Allah have mercy on him) said in al-Mughni (11/180): If he makes
a vow, and it sounded like an oath, to prevent himself or someone else from
doing something or to compel himself to do something, such as if he says,
“If I speak to Zayd, then I have to do Hajj for the sake of Allah or give my
wealth in charity or fast for one year,” this is an oath and the ruling in
this case is that he has the choice between fulfilling what he swore to do,
in which case he does not have to do anything else, or breaking his oath. So
he has the choice between doing what he vowed to do or offering expiation
for breaking his oath. End quote.
Based on this,
you may either offer expiation for breaking an oath or you may do the act of
worship that you vowed to do.
The one who is
studying has to strive hard and not let himself down by falling short or
negligence. Doing that should not be regarded as a distraction from the
remembrance of Allah; rather it comes under the heading, “Allah loves, if
one of you does some action, for him to do it well.”
But if the vow
meant that he should occupy himself with a particular act of worship, and
that will not affect his studies or keep him away from them, rather it will
lead to him not excelling in them, then he should fulfil his vow and give
precedence to what is obligatory over anything else.
obligatory to obey one's parents so long as that does not involve
disobedience to Allah, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: “There is no obedience if it involves disobedience towards
Allaah; obedience is only in that which is right and proper.” Narrated by
al-Bukhaari (7257) and Muslim (1840); and he (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) said: “There is no obedience to any created being if it leads
to disobeying Allah, may He be glorified and exalted.” Narrated by
conflicts with doing something obligatory, such as fulfilling a vow, and it
is not possible to do both, then precedence should be given to what is
al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said in
al-Ikhtiyaaraat (p. 114): The individual is obliged to obey his parents
in everything provided that it does not involve sin, even if they are
evildoers … This has to do with what is beneficial for them and does not
harm him; if it is difficult but will not harm him it is obligatory,
otherwise it is not. End quote.
And Allah knows best.