Praise be to Allaah.
The reader will not attain the reward for
completing the Holy Qur'aan unless he has recited all of it and not
omitted any part of it. If he omits a verse and does not recite it, then
he has not completed the Holy Qur'aan.
The scholars even said that he should recite
the Basmalah at the beginning of every soorah except Soorat Baraa’ah (al-Tawbah),
and he should pay attention to that so that he will have completed the
Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him)
He should always recite Bismillaah al-Rahmaan
al-Raheem at the beginning of every soorah except Baraa’ah, as most of the
scholars said that it is a verse, as it is written in the Mushaf and it is
written at the beginning of all soorahs except Bara’aah. If he recites it
then he has definitely completed the recitation, and if he omits the
Basmalah he has omitted part of the Qur'aan according to the majority. End
p. 61, 62
Based on that, it is essential for the
reader to recite what he forgot of the verses, so that he may attain the
reward for completing the Qur'aan.
The scholars (may Allah have mercy on them)
mentioned two ways narrated from the Salaf (early generation) of reciting
the verse or verses that the imam forgot during Taraweeh prayers:
He should put all
these verses together and recite them all on the last night of Ramadan. This
is what the imams used to do in Makkah in the past.
When he remembers
the verse that he forgot, he should recite it [this applies if he is still
reciting in the prayer] and then resume his recitation until he has
finished. This was narrated from ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have
mercy on him) said, noting that the order in which it is prescribed to
recite is waived in the case of forgetting:
… if he forgets some of the verses of the
soorah when praying qiyaam in Ramadan (i.e., Taraaweeh), he should not
repeat it [the entire soorah] or repeat what comes after it, but if he
deliberately changes the order of the verses in the soorah and recites the
later ones before the earlier ones, that is not permissible according to
Imam Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him) was
asked about the imam during the month of Ramadan omitting some verses from
the soorah: did he think that the one who was praying behind him should
He said: Yes, he should do that. In Makkah
they used to appoint a man to write down what the imam forgot of verses and
so on, then on night of completion he would recite what he had omitted.
His companions -- such as Abu Muhammad (Ibn
Qudaamah) -- said: Rather that is mustahabb in order to complete the Qur'aan
and so as to attain a complete reward. The people of Makkah and Ahmad and
his companions thought that if the one who had omitted some verses recited
them later on when he remembered them, that was sufficient to be regarded as
having completed the Qur’aan and to attain the reward, even if that meant
the order of verses was not followed in this instance, because without
reciting these verses, his recitation of the soorah could not be regarded as
complete. This was narrated from ‘Ali: he forgot a verse from a soorah, then
whilst he was still reciting he recited it, then resumed his recitation from
where he had got to, and no one noticed that he had forgotten anything
except those who were Haafiz (i.e., had memorised the entire Qur'aan).
And Allah knows best.