In the saheeh hadeeth about the virtues of tasbeeh, it says that this is a phrase for which a palm tree is planted in Paradise.
It was narrated from Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Whoever says Subhaan Allaah il ‘azeem wa bi hamdihi (Glory and praise be to Allaah the Almighty), a palm tree will be planted for him in Paradise.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (3464) who said: This is a hasan saheeh ghareeb hadeeth, which we know only from the hadeeth of Abu’l-Zubayr from Jaabir. And al-Mundhiri said (2/347): Its isnaad is jayyid. It was classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (1/104). It was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (hadeeth no. 64).
As for the ahaadeeth which depict the palm tree that is planted for saying Subhaan Allaah, and describe its leaves and branches in detail, none of them are saheeh. Three marfoo’ ahaadeeth were narrated concerning that – according to what we have read – and all of them are severely weak or false. There follows a detailed discussion of that.
The first hadeeth was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar, who said: A man came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and complained to him of poverty or debt. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him:
“What about the prayer of the angels and the tasbeeh of all creation by means of which Allaah sends down provision from heaven?”
Ibn ‘Umar said: I said: What is that, O Messenger of Allaah?
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sat up straight, as he had been reclining, and said:
“O Ibn ‘Umar, from the break of dawn until Fajr prayer say: Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, subhaan Allaah al-‘Azeem wa astaghfir Allaah (Glory and praise be to Allaah, glory be to Allaah the Almighty, and I ask Allaah for forgiveness), one hundred times, and worldly pleasure and comfort will surely come to you, and for every word that you say, Allaah will create an angel who will glorify Him, and you will have his reward until the Day of Resurrection.”
This hadeeth was narrated by three isnaads, all of which are false and fabricated.
It was narrated via Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem al-Tabari from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Waleed al-‘Adani from Maalik ibn Anas from Naafi’ from Ibn ‘Umar.
It was also narrated by Ibn Hibbaan in al-Majrooheen (1/138) with this isnaad, and via Ibn al-Jawzi in al-Mawdoo’aat (3/164). It was narrated by Ibn ‘Adiyy in al-Kaamil fi’l-Du’afa’ (1/343) and al-Daylami in Musnad al-Firdaws (3731). It was quoted by al-Haafiz in Lisaan al-Mizaan via the isnaad of al-Daaraqutni in al-Ruwaat ‘an Maalik. Perhaps al-Daaraqutni was narrating it here from Ibn Hibbaan , as is also the case with the isnaad of Ibn al-Jazwi. In al-Khasaa’is al-Kubra (2/262), al-Suyooti attributed it to al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadi in Ruwaat Maalik. In Takhreej Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen (1/299), al-‘Iraqi attributed it to al-Mustaghfiri in al-Da’waat.
I say: this isnaad is munkar jiddan, because of Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem al-Tabari, of whom Ibn Hibbaan said: He is munkar al-hadeeth jiddan (i.e., his narrations are very weak); he narrated fabricated things from trustworthy narrators, and it is not permissible to write down his hadeeth except by way of demonstrating how strange his narrations are. End quote.
It was narrated by Ibn al-Jawzi in al-Mawdoo’aat (3/164) from some unknown (majhool) narrators, where he said: It was narrated by another isnaad, Allaah knows best what it is: Ismaa’eel ibn Abi Saalih al-Mu’adhdhin told us, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Ali ibn Ishaaq al-Faqeeh told us, Abu Hassaan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Muzakki told us, Abu’l-Husayn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Jaabir al-‘Attaar narrated to us, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ibraaheem al-Harawi narrated to us, Abu Raja’ Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Hamdawayh narrated to us, ‘Ali ibn Jahm narrated to us, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Waleed narrated to us, from Maalik ibn Anas, from Naafi’, from Ibn ‘Umar: that a man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allaah, I work hard and I hardly earn anything. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to him: What about the tasbeeh of the angels? They said: What is it? He said: “If you say tasbeeh one hundred times before you pray Fajr, (saying) Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, subhaan Allaah il-‘Azeem, Allaah will send your provision (rizq) to you thereby even if you do not want it.” End quote.
al-Suyooti said in al-La’aali’ al-Masnoo’ah fi’l-Ahaadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah (1/462):
It has another isnaad. Al-Haakim said in his Tareekh: Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Nasarabaadhi narrated to us: al-‘Abbaas ibn Hamzah narrated to us: Ahmad ibn Khaalid al-Shaybaani narrated to us: ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Naafi’ al-Madani narrated to us, from Maalik, and he mentioned it in the same words as were narrated in the first isnaad. Ahmad ibn Khaalid: it seems that he is al-Juwaybaari, one of the greatest charlatans. And Allaah knows best. End quote.
Hence the muhadditheen are unanimously agreed that this hadeeth is da’eef (weak).
Ibn Hibbaan said concerning it in al-Majrooheen (1/138): It has no basis at all, and I do not doubt that it is a fabrication attributed to Maalik. End quote.
In his book al-Kaamil fi’l-Du’afa’, Ibn ‘Adiyy said: It is falsely attributed to Maalik.
Ibn al-Jawzi said in al-Mawdoo’aat (3/164):
This hadeeth is not soundly narrated from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). End quote.
Al-‘Iraaqi said in Takhreej Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen li’l-Ghazaali (1/299):
It was narrated by al-Mustaghfiri in al-Da’waat from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, and he said: It is ghareeb from the hadeeth of Maalik, and I do not know of any basis for it in the hadeeth of Maalik. End quote.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in Lisaan al-Meezaan (3/434), in his biography of ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Muhammad al-Yahmadi, or it was said al-Tameemi:
He is an unknown Shaykh. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ghaalib, who is known as Ghulam Khaleel but he is worthless, narrated from him. Al-Daaraqutni narrated in al-Ruwaat ‘an Maalik from Dawood ibn Habeeb, from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ghaalib, from him, from Maalik, from Naafi’, from Ibn ‘Umar who said: A man said: O Messenger of Allaah… and he mentioned the same hadeeth.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said: It was narrated by al-Khateeb via Abu’l-Fath al-Azdi, from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghaalib, from Ghulam Khaleel, from ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Muhammad al-Tameemi.
And he narrated a similar report via Abu Hammah Muhammad ibn Yoosuf, from Yazeed ibn Abi Hakeem, from Ishaaq ibn Ibraaheem al-Tabari, from Maalik, and he said: It is not saheeh from Maalik, and I do not think that Ishaaq met Malik.
And it was narrated by a group with isnaads which are all weak. End quote.
The ruling on it has been mentioned in the answer to question no. 110949
The second hadeeth:
Al-Suyooti narrated in al-Haawi li’l-Fataawi (2/40) a hadeeth with a similar meaning:
“Whoever says Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, Allaah will create for him an angel with two eyes and two wings and two lips and a tongue, who will fly with the angels and seek forgiveness for the one who says it until the Day of Resurrection.”
It was narrated by the author of al-Seerah al-Halabiyyah (1/246) and also in Nuzhat al-Jaalis (p. 287).
We could not find the isnaad of this hadeeth.
The third hadeeth:
It was narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Whoever says Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, Allaah will plant for him one thousand thousand palm trees in Paradise, with trunks of gold and branches of pearl, with fruits like the breasts of virgins and sweeter than honey and softer than butter. Every time he takes something from it, it will be restored as it was.”
This was narrated by Ibn ‘Adiyy in al-Kaamil fi’l-Du’afa’ (2/150). He said: Hudhayfah narrated to us, Abu Umayyah narrated to us, Ja’far ibn Jasr ibn Farqad al-Qassaab narrated to us, from his father, from Thaabit, from Anas.
I say: With regard to this Ja’far ibn Jasr, Ibn ‘Adiyy said of him in al-Kaamil (2/150), after quoting this hadeeth of his among the munkar (weak and odd) reports:
Ja’far ibn Jasr narrated munkar ahaadeeth other than that which I have mentioned, and I did not see any comment concerning him from those who speak of men’s biographies, and I do not know how they could have overlooked him, because most of what he narrated is munkar. I mentioned him when I criticized the isnaads and texts (mutoon) that he narrated. Perhaps that is because he is like his father, because his father was discussed by those who came before us and spoke of weak narrators (al-du’afa’), as I have not seen Ja’far narrate from anyone but his father. End quote.
Al-‘Aqeeli said in al-Du’afa’ al-Kabeer (1/187):
His memory is very bad, and he narrated munkar reports. End quote.
Ibn al-Jawzi said in al-‘Ilal al-Mutanaahiyyah (2/833):
This hadeeth is not saheeh. End quote.
He was classed as da’eef by Ibn al-Qayyim in al-Manaar al-Muneef (p. 43) and by al-Haafiz al-Dhahabi in Meezaan al-I’tidaal (1/404). In the comments of Shahr ibn Hawshab, the famous narrator, it says:
“Whoever says Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, Allaah will create an angel for these words of his, who will go to the fourth heaven and wash in a river called the river of life, then he will emerge from it and shake his wings, from which there will fall something like drops of rain, and from each drop Allaah will create an angel which will glorify Him and sanctify Him, and that will continue until the first Trumpet blast.”
This was narrated by Abu’l-Shaykh al-Asbahaani in al-‘Azamah (1/492) who said: al-Fadl ibn al-‘Abbaas ibn Mahraan narrated to us, Yahya ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Bukayr narrated to us, Muslim ibn Khaalid narrated to us, from Ibn Abi Husayn, from Shahr ibn Hawshab.
To sum up, there is no saheeh hadeeth which says that if a Muslim glorifies his Lord, Allaah will create an angel who will pray for forgiveness for him until the Day of Resurrection.
And Allaah knows best.